Researchers
May 25, 2020

Academic or Experiential Learning, and How to Teach to Both

There is obvious knowledge to be gained via traditional academic teaching methods, but the trend has been turning towards experiential learning recently. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, but the exclusion of one over the other is disadvantageous as well. Instead, the holistic picture of learning what academic and experiential learning styles are and how to teach both will give students a more powerful learning experience.
Source: Unsplash

The typical learning environment, be it elementary or higher education, evokes images of a classroom consisting of students in desks and uncomfortable chairs, listening raptly or daydreaming silently as teachers drone on information from the front of the room. This traditional academic classroom still exists around the world, but it is slowly evolving to become an experiential learning environment instead.

In an experiential learning lesson, students immerse themselves in situations in which the desired knowledge can be obtained. Instead of learning second-hand knowledge from the professor, the student completes the activity themselves to obtain the results. It’s a step up from the idea of learning that a stove is hot by listening to your parent versus learning it’s hot because you touch it yourself. You’re going to learn a lot better when you immerse yourself in the experience and learn the lessons directly, but with an instructor guiding you, the results are controlled.

Both Styles Have Their Advantages

Traditional learning styles in public schools have gotten criticized from many angles recently. Although other types of education have arisen, such as online and experiential, traditional classrooms have advantages over other formats. 

In the traditional classroom, the teacher delivery approach is consistent. Teachers have expectations demanded of them and are monitored to ensure they are held accountable. Students know what needs to be done and use the syllabus provided as a way to keep up with their own responsibilities. The grading system is clear and apparent, and the student-teacher relationship is rooted in ethics and tradition.

Experiential learning, on the other hand, allows the students to learn with hands-on interaction. Some students find this style of instruction easier to grasp than in-classroom instruction, textbooks, and videos. Many researchers have demonstrated the strength of academic impact when a person is actively engaged in the outcome of an activity rather than rotely reciting knowledge. 

Learning to Teach to Both

As with most things in life, finding a balance between two extremes is often the best way to approach them. In the classroom, there is a time where traditional academic instructional strategies are the best way to promote learning, and times where immersing the student in experiential learning work best.

Traditional learning is important when there is a limited time at hand for knowledge to be imparted or the information the student is to gain is superficial. But when a deeper understanding is necessary, such as when a student is in a course full of preparation for their future career, experiential learning has preferential advantages.

Consider these types of experiential learning strategies to balance with your traditional instruction: 

●      Field trips. At the higher level of learning, field trips are rarely seen. But faculty-led trips scheduled strategically to not interfere with other courses can offer invaluable learning experiences for students.

●      Volunteering. Requiring students to volunteer for causes that will aid them in further understanding your course creates extensive benefits. Keep the requirements reasonable to ensure that those with a hefty work/school/extracurricular schedule can manage them.

●      Research projects. Field-based learning is another important method of experiential education. Assign a research project and allow students time in class to delve into their experiment. As they walk through the steps of learning, you are there to guide them, but they make their own decisions and mistakes.

By integrating traditional methods alongside experiential learning, you’re accommodating and challenging your students along with your own instructional style.

Focus on the Ultimate Academic Impact

Any academic instructor knows that you can’t bundle all students under one umbrella and expect that teaching strategy to work for everyone. Sometimes, you have to adjust for a few students in your course. Other times, you have to adjust the course for the majority of the students as you realize your expectations were under or over their ability.

Ultimately, as an instructor, you have to make the decision to teach that will bring about the maximum academic impact possible. Keeping your mind open to both traditional and experiential teaching strategies allows you to be flexible and do what’s best for your students.

How Impactio Can Help

Impactio is an all-in-one platform in which published scholars can submit their work in a professional medium. But it’s also a community of support where experts can network with their peers to learn from each other.

Whether you’re looking for a program where you can compile your research into a final product that you can turn into a professional PDF document and web page, or you want to reach out to other experts for discourse and advice, Impactio is the place to go for academic scholars.

Tags Teaching Academic Imapct
Jason Collins
Writer
Jason is a writer for many niche brands with experience “bringing stories to life” for both startups and corporate partners.

Related Articles

Researchers
July 2, 2020
Supporting Research Teams in Developing Countries
Researchers
June 26, 2020
Methods for Communicating Insightful Research to Policymakers
Researchers
July 4, 2020
The Health Economy and the Role of Research
Researchers
June 23, 2020
Is Volunteering a Good Way to Gain Research Experience?
Researchers
June 1, 2020
Impactio Academic Profiles: More than meets the eye?
Researchers
June 30, 2020
Ways to Cultivate Creativity and Innovation in Your Research
Researchers
June 22, 2020
Incentives for Researchers in Making Their Data Readily Available
Researchers
June 22, 2020
Academic Blogging as a Vehicle to Convey Research Findings
Researchers
June 29, 2020
Using Data Repositories to Enrich Research Understanding
Researchers
June 25, 2020
Promoting Experiential Learning in Online Instruction