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Researcher
ORCID: 0000-0002-6282-7316
Howard
Browman
Principal Research Scientist in Ecosystem Acoustics Research Group at Institute of Marine Research in Norway
Ecosystem Acoustics Research Group
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About

Howard Browman has been a Principal Research Scientist with the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway since 1998.

 

Biographical Statement


Born in Montréal, Québec, Canada, Howard Browman completed a Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology, and a Masters in Biological Oceanography, at McGill University. He obtained a Ph.D. in Systematics and Ecology (Limnology) from the University of Kansas. He went on to postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Montréal, University of Victoria and Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (in Québec) before accepting a position as Principal Research Scientist with the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway in 1998.

 

Dr. Browman’s professional service and experience includes: Director, Eco-ethics International Union, Germany, Member of the Board of Directors, Eco-ethics International Union-USA, Scientific Director and Vice President, Inter-Research Science Center, Member of the Publications Committee of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Member of the European Commission’s Workshop on the Future of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, Co-Founder and Associate Editor-in-Chief, Aquatic Biology, Editor-in-Chief, Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Subject Editor, Marine and Coastal Fisheries, Science Editor, Fisheries, Section Editor, PLoS ONE, President (elected), Early Life History Section of the American Fisheries Society, Vice-Chair of the European Food and Safety Authority’s Animal Health and Welfare Panel, Member at Large of the Board of Directors of the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, Member of the Council of Science Editors’ Editorial Policy Commitee, Member of the Committee on Publication Ethic’s Council… (see my CV for others). He reviews grant proposals for 22 funding agencies in 14 countries (including NSF and NOAA) and manuscripts for 81 journals. He is a long-standing member of the American Fisheries Society, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, the Council of Science Editors and the Committee on Publication Ethics.

 

Dr. Browman’s interests cover a broad range of subject areas, including zooplankton and ichthyoplankton behaviour and ecology; sensory ecology; host-finding in fish parasites; effects of solar ultraviolet radiation, ocean acidification and temperature change on aquatic organisms and ecosystems; ecosystem-based management; critically evaluating how scholarly performance is measured; characterizing the bureaucratisation of scholarly institutions and its impacts; issues in scientific publishing (e.g. editor and author ethics, peer review, open access, open science, preprint servers…).

 

Dr. Browman has published ~175 articles, books, edited volumes and reports and has delivered a large number of presentations at conferences, symposia and workshops, and ~75 invited lectures or departmental seminars. He has developed and taught 15 courses at 4 Universities and trained/mentored 5 postdoctoral associates and 11 graduate students. His current research includes effects of ocean acidification and warming on marine organisms and ecosystems, geomagnetic orientation in the long-distance migrations of European eel and other fishes, effects of seismic survey air-gun blasts on Calanus spp. and cod, and disruption of host-finding in the parasitic salmon louse.

 

For more information, see: http://fishlarvae.com/people/howard-i-browman/

Research Interests
The breadth of my research interests follows from that of my training as a biological (fisheries) oceanographer, limnologist, and sensory ecologist. My research has centred on the early life history of fishes, zooplankton ecology and on ichthyoplankton-zooplankton interactions and currently encompasses the following areas. • Zooplankton and ichthyoplankton behaviour and ecology • Effects of seismic sound and offshore wind turbine facilities on zooplankton and ichthyoplankton • Predator-prey interactions on fine spatiotemporal scales • Sensory ecology • Host-finding in fish parasites • Effects of solar ultraviolet radiation, ocean acidification and climate change on aquatic organisms and ecosystems • Marine policy (mainly ecosystem-based management and protected areas) • Critically evaluating how scholarly performance is measured • Characterizing the bureaucratisation of scholarly institutions and its impacts • Scientific publishing (e.g. best practices, editor and author ethics, peer review, open access, open science, preprint servers…)
Research Experience
Principal Research Scientist
Institute of Marine Research in Norway March 1998 - Present
Research Scientist
Fisheries and Oceans Canada January 1994 - Present
Work Experience
Research Scientist
Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada September 1994 - March 1998
Principal Research Scientist
Institute of Marine Research February 1998
Education
University of Kansas
1985 - 1989
Doctoral Degree , Systematics and Ecology

Browman, H.I. 1989. Behavioral Ecology of Foraging in a Zooplanktivorous Fish, Pomoxis annularis, and a Predaceous Invertebrate, Leptodora kindti: Ontogenetic and Neuroethological Perspectives. (169 pp) Ph.D. Dissertation [Major advisor: W. John O'Brien].

Mcgill University
1982 - 1985
Master's Degree , Biological Oceanography

Browman, H.I. 1985. Feeding Behaviour in Fry of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. (129 pp) M.Sc. Thesis [Major advisor: Brian M. Marcotte].

Mcgill University
Bachelor of Science , Biology

Browman, H.I. 1981. Prediction of Egg Mortality in Capelin (Mallotus villosus) From Meteorological, Hydrographic and Biological Factors. B.Sc. Thesis [Major advisors: William C. Leggett and Kenneth T. Frank].
Browman, H.I. 1982. Skeletal Structures of Hexactinellid Sponges - A Scanning Electron Microscope Study. B.Sc. Thesis [Major advisor: Henry M. Reiswig].

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